FRANCISCO SERRANO GÓMEZ

Francisco Serrano Gómez was born in Los Barrios in 1913. His father was accused of stealing a pig, which their mother shared with neighbours in their poor community. The whole family was banished and went to live under a bridge in Algeciras. Brought up in poverty, Francisco worked from childhood in sporadic jobs until he started work in a cork factory, where he made friends with colleagues who were anarchists. He joined the CNT and was very active in the union. His life was miraculously saved after the military insurrection and he managed to flee to Jimena and Estepona, where he organised the Fermín Salvochea battalion with other colleagues.  When fleeing from Málaga to Almería, he was horrified at the way the fascist ships and planes shot at men and women, the elderly and children. The war pushed him to Barcelona where he worked as an assault guard for the Republic. In 1939 he crossed into France, where he was to fight against Hitler in the Maquis. When World War II was over he stayed in France, working as a miner and farmer. He spent the last years of his life in Madrid, where he wrote a book of his memoirs called El diario de un aburrido. He died in 2015.